Agile IQ®

Inspect & Adapt

Influencing Behaviour. Secondary Factor.


Inspect and adapt are actions at the heart of empiricism. In practice, thisĀ means working in a fact-based, experience-based, and evidence-based manner, instead of making decisions based on only documentation of a solution or a plan.

Scrum implements an empirical process where progress is based on observations of specific artefacts, not assumptions about plans and future tasks, specifically:

  • Product Backlog: Represents the state of development of a product or service toward strategic goals. Teams inspect it at Sprint Planning and create (adapt) a Sprint Backlog.
  • Sprint Backlog: The state of delivery of value in the Sprint, the plan, and progress toward the Goal.
  • Increment: Work that is of sufficient quality (meets the Definition of Done) to potentially hand over to the customer. Teams inspect Increments at the Sprint Review and elicit feedback from customers which is documented in the Product Backlog.

Levels of empiricism

Each layer of an agile organisation has the opportunity apply empiricism – to inspect real progress, pivot to change, and adapt future delivery plans, based on evidence.

  • Portfolio Backlog: Yearly planning, quarterly review.
  • Program Backlog: Quarterly planning, quarterly review.
  • Team Backlog: 2-weekly planning, 2-weekly review.
planning horizons the flame

Agile Events & Empiricism


Sprint Planning – Why

How does a Product Owner facilitate discussion on the value needed from the upcoming Sprint?


Daily Scrum

Inspecting progress toward the Sprint Goal empowers a team to adapt its Sprint Backlog


Sprint Review

Go beyond a demo and inspect the increment to get feedback on the direction for the next Sprint



Inspect the team – people, process and tools – and decide on improvement actions


Mastering Agile Events

Learn how to get the most out of inspecting and adapting using Scrum’s 5 key events.

Tools for empiricism: OKRs

OKRs provide Product Managers a powerful mechanism to inspect value-based metrics in order to understand:

  • Investment in existing products
  • Investment in new products and services
  • Investment in capability – improved pivot, decreased costs, more throughput
mapping okrs to ebm

Learning Areas on EBM


EBM and Agile Product Management

More than ever, organisations must focus on their investments and efforts. EBM is designed to drive decisions for agile product management.


Video: Making OKRs better with EBM

Objectives and Key Results (OKRs) are a powerful tool for setting and measuring goals, but like all power tools, they can come with great responsibili


Working with the Product Goal

Product Goals are an important part of creating a tangible relationship between the work we do today and the business strategy.

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